Bamboo Glossary

Aurea – Golden

Arundinaria – bamboo genus distinguished by erect, smooth culms that are round in cross-section. They do not have the groove or “sulcis” of the Phyllostachys genus. Culm sheaths are persistent.

Auricle – an earlike growth on culm sheaths

Bloom – white deposit on new culms of bamboo.

Calamus – reed

Chimonobambusa – bamboo genus named for the fact it shoots in late fall or winter (Greek -cheimon -winter)

Clone – group of cultivated plants reproduced from one original plant by vegetative means

Culm – bamboo cane.

Culm Sheath – a protective covering on bamboo culms, attached at each node.

Edulis – edible

Flexuosus – zigzag or bending

Glabrous – smooth, without hairs

Glaucous – dull, bluish-green

Gramineus – grass like

Internode – a segment of culm or rhizome between nodes

Ligule – a protective lip or rim at the tip of a culm sheath where the sheath blade attaches

Monopodal – describes the long rhizome of running (temperate) bamboos

Node – This is the joint (partition or diaphragm) between the hollow segments of a bamboo culm or rhizome

Oral setae – these are the hairs on auricles of culm sheaths

Persistent – used to describe culm sheaths that remain in place after a culm has matured

Phyllostachys – a bamboo genus with distinct grooves (sulcis) on the culms

P.I. – plant introduction number assigned by USDA

Pubescens – hairy

Pygmaeus – dwarf, very small

Rhizome – this is root-like underground stem. These store food and have buds from which new culms emerge above ground.

Sheath – see Culm Sheath above

Shoot – a young, new culm. As new culms emerge from the ground they are called “shoots”

Sulcis – the groove on the culms(canes) of species in the Phyllostachys genus.

Sympodal – clumping bamboo rhizomes

Viridi-glaucescens – bluish-green

Viridis – green