Aurea – Golden Arundinaria – bamboo genus distinguished by erect, smooth culms that are round in cross-section. They do not have the groove or “sulcis” of the Phyllostachys genus. Culm sheaths are persistent. Auricle – an earlike growth on culm sheaths Bloom – white deposit on new culms of bamboo. Calamus – reed Chimonobambusa – bamboo genus named for the fact it shoots in late fall or winter (Greek -cheimon -winter) Clone – group of cultivated plants reproduced from one original plant by vegetative means Culm – bamboo cane. Culm Sheath – a protective covering on bamboo culms, attached at each node. Edulis – edible Flexuosus – zigzag or bending Glabrous – smooth, without hairs Glaucous – dull, bluish-green Gramineus – grass like Internode – a segment of culm or rhizome between nodes Ligule – a protective lip or rim at the tip of a culm sheath where the sheath blade attaches Monopodal – describes the long rhizome of running (temperate) bamboos Node – This is the joint (partition or diaphragm) between the hollow segments of a bamboo culm or rhizome Oral setae – these are the hairs on auricles of culm sheaths Persistent – used to describe culm sheaths that remain in place after a culm has matured Phyllostachys – a bamboo genus with distinct grooves (sulcis) on the culms P.I. – plant introduction number assigned by USDA Pubescens – hairy Pygmaeus – dwarf, very small Rhizome – this is root-like underground stem. These store food and have buds from which new culms emerge above ground. Sheath – see Culm Sheath above Shoot – a young, new culm. As new culms emerge from the ground they are called “shoots” Sulcis – the groove on the culms(canes) of species in the Phyllostachys genus. Sympodal – clumping bamboo rhizomes Viridi-glaucescens – bluish-green Viridis – green