Bamboo Species


Broadleaf bamboo Indocalamus latifoliusBroadleaf bamboo Grows to about 5 to 7 feet. Big leaves with foliage on the lower parts of the cane make this an ideal screen. It’s supposed to be very cold hardy, staying green down to -5F.
giant-leaf Indocalamus tessalatus – Giant Leaf Bamboo will grow in total shade. The gaint leaves are up to 24 inches long and it spreads rapidly making a network of roots just below the surface, perfect for erosion control.
patrovaginata-shoot Phyllostachys atrovaginata- Incense Bamboo is supposed to have a smell of incense when the cane is scratched or bruised.  Very cold hardy.
golden-bamboo Phyllostachys aurea Golden bamboo does take on a golden yellow tint when the grove is in full sun.  The swollen, distorted nodes at the base of the canes make a perfect handhold.  Often used for fishing poles.
paflavescensinversa Phyllostachys aurea ‘Flavescens-inversa’ –  Very similar to the species P. aurea, with yellow grooves or sulcis.  Similar in size and also makes  a great, tall screen.
Yellow stripe on P. aureosulcata Phyllostachys aureosulcataYellow Groove is one of the more cold hardy bamboos and was always a popular choice for northern climates.  It makes a dense privacy screen and can be pruned to the desired heigth.
harbin Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Harbin’ Harbin bamboo is a form of Yellow Groove with striations or grooves running the length of each internode. Kind of hard to see but easy to feel.
Spectabilis bamboo Phyllostachys aureosulcata ‘Spectabilis’ Spectabilis bamboo lives up to it’s name with bright yellow canes that have green grooves alternating to each side of the internodes.
Grove of madake Phyllostachys bambusoidesJapanese Timber Bamboo is the second largest cold hardy bamboo. The giant canes have high quality wood and are ideal for construction.
castillion-stripe Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Castillon’ Castillon Bamboo  Giant yellow canes with wide green stripes on node, alternating from side to side.  Not as large as the species, but big!
slender-crookstem-grove Phyllostachys bambusoides ‘Slender Crookstem’Slender Crookstem is similar to the species but not as large. An ocassional cane has a crook or zig-zag at the base.
david-bisset-zoo Phyllostachys bissettiBisset David bamboo makes a tall screen with canes very close together.  This bamboo is very common at the Birmingham Zoo.
david-bisset-zoo Phyllostachys bissetti ‘Dwarf’ –  Dwarf David Bisset is the same as the species but somewhat smaller.  Like the species it makes a nice privacy screen.
New shoot Phyllostachys dulcis Sweetshoot bamboo is said to have the sweetest shoots. It’s hard to describe but the soft way the canes kind of “wiggle” make this a favorite.
moso-groove Phyllostachys edulis Moso is the largest of the cold hardy bamboos. My grove has some 6 inches plus sized canes and they can get as large as 7 inches in diameter.
Bid Node bamboo Phyllostachys nidulariaBig Node bamboo obviously has big nodes.  You can sort of see it in the picture but very distinct when looking at the grove.
Black stripe bamboo shoot Phyllostachys nigraBlack bamboo   This is one of my most popular bamboos.  I guess the exotic look of the black canes plus the graceful grove it forms are part of the charm.
phyllostachys-nigra-henon Phyllostachys nigra ‘Henon’ Giant Gray Henon has a distinct look.  Across a field it can look ghostly, a cloudy gray.  Up close the big canes are a distinct gray color.
Black stripe Phyllostachys nigra ‘Megurochiku’ or Black Stripe Bamboo is a beautiful giant with the gray look of Henon.  Some canes display a brown to black stripe on some internodes.
Phyllostachys nuda Phyllostachys nuda is considered the most cold hardy of these bamboos.  It can possibly handle temperatures down to -15 F or lower.
 phyllostachys-rubromarginata Phyllostachys rubromarginata Red Margin Bamboo makes a tall screen that is both cold hardy and drought tolerant.  Probably the fastest spreading of the running bamboos.
Houzeou Bamboo Phyllostachys viridis ‘Houzeou‘ is a form of P. viridis with yellow groves on the canes.  It is one of the giants with the look of the species.
Birmingham zoo bamboo robert young Phyllostachys viridis ‘Robert Young’ Robert Young bamboo has giant, yellow canes with random green stripes, from narrow to wide.  A true beauty with sinuous canes.
vivax bamboo Phyllostachys vivax Vivax bamboo is the second largest of the cold hardy bamboos. With culms up to 6 inches in diameter and 70 feet tall, it’s an impessive giant. Very cold hardy.
Pseudosasa amabilis Tonkin cane Psuedosasa amabilis Tonkin cane has probably the highest quality wood.  This is the cane used for traditional bamboo flyrods.  Very straight with non prominent nodes.
arrowbamboo Psuedosasa japonica Arrow Bamboo, so called because of the slim canes with nodes that are not prominent.  The culms grow very straight and close together.
Psuedosasa japonica Tsutsumiana Psuedosasa jonica ‘Tsutsumiana’ –  Green Onion bamboo has swollen internodes giving it the look of a green onion.  It gets a little smaller than the species and makes an excellent screen.
palmata Sasa palmata Palmata bamboo has leaves arranged like the palm of a hand.  They are about 12 inches long and 2 inches wide.  It does well in partial shade
sasa-vetchii Sasa vetchii Kuma-zasa is a short bamboo that grows well in the shade. Each fall the new leaves turn white around the border.  It is ideal for erosion control.
Grove of Temple Bamboo Semiarundinaria okuboi – Sort of a smaller form of S.fastuosa
Grove of Temple Bamboo Semiarundinaria fastuosaTemple Bamboo   Very erect canes with short, stubby limbs near the top.  Semi-persistent sheaths that have an iridescent, mother of pearl look.
ruscus-bamboo Shibataea kumasacaRuscus Bamboo is a small, shrub like bamboo that makes has tiny canes with oval shaped leaves.  Gets about 6 to 7 feet tall.